Tourism – an economic and social phenomenon
Over the decades, tourism has experienced continued growth and deepening diversification to become one of the fastest growing economic sectors in the world. Modern tourism is closely linked to development and encompasses a growing number of new destinations. These dynamics have turned tourism into a key driver for socio-economic progress.
Today, the business volume of tourism equals or even surpasses that of oil exports, food products or automobiles. Tourism has become one of the major players in international commerce, and represents at the same time one of the main income sources for many developing countries. This growth goes hand in hand with an increasing diversification and competition among destinations.
This global spread of tourism in industrialised and developed states has produced economic and employment benefits in many related sectors – from construction to agriculture or telecommunications.
In India, the travel industry hopes to create 46 million job opportunities by 2025.
The travel and tourism industry, along with the related sectors contributing to it, is expected to grow in leaps and bounds in the coming years. A job in this industry can be highly exciting and adventurous and even pays well. In India, the travel industry hopes to create 46 million job opportunities by 2025. India’s potential in the field of travel and tourism is hardly close to being fulfilled. The country is a geographical anomaly, having almost all the geographical features available. According to a report published by the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC), India could possibly add another Rs. 8, 50,000 crores by the year 2020-just through tourism! WTTC calculated that tourism generated 8.31 lakh crore or 6.3 per cent of the nation’s GDP in 2015 and supported 37.315 million jobs, which is about 8.7 per cent of its total employment.
Career options in travel and tourism:
“Students have endless career opportunities in the fastest growing industry of travel,” “Few of the career options are working in travel agencies, Customer Ground Handling (customer service) at international or domestic airports, tour operator, event manager, ticketing officer, adventure tourism expert, transport officer, holiday consultant, logistics, cruises, airlines, hotels, and tourism departments in government and private sectors.
Nowadays the tourism and travel industry is trying to prove them as one of the largest sectors in the modern sector encircles. The thirsty fellness of people is the main reason to develop the business of this sector. Therefore, graduate or further study in Tourism Management is one of the best concepts for a student bright future. With the collaboration of Government and UNESCO, numerous number of tourism place is evaluating day by day. To manage all tourists and maintain the beauty of nature a large number of sincere people is very essential. Management of every tourism industry can differentiate the role of activity of the employee with several ways.
1. Tourism Consultant:
Not all people’s thoughts are equal. Some of them like hilly region, few like oceanic place. Some people like cultural & heritage place, some are technology lover. According to their choice as well as interest, the Consultant has to suggest suitable place so that the tourists can take a long breath with implementing their dream. To be a tourism consultant, one has to gather knowledge regarding different types of tourism places and differentiate those places according to the tourist criteria. The management of every tourism company provides a handsome salary according to the importance of this role.
2. Tourism Informatics Officer:
After selecting the tourist spot by the travelers, the main key role of the Tourist Informatics Officer is to provide several types of information like Geographical as well as demographical importance of the place, advantages-disadvantages, different types of barriers to visit that place, awareness creation etc.
3. Event Manager:
If tourists want to celebrate any occasion after reaching the spot, it is the duty of the management of every organization to arrange all necessary things to implement the programme without facing any stumble. Nowadays, destination wedding is one of the essential examples in this aspect.
4. Ground Attendant:
After starting journey, ground attendant has to perform most important duty with taking entire responsibility as well as security of the tourist. In case of long distance journey, after taking off the flight, ground attendant has to introduce with the tourists and make proper arrangement into the hotel for their coming.
5. Local Tour Guide:
The heritage and cultural management sector plays a lead role in the tourism sector. Without proper interpretation of the history that a site carries, the tourism is vogue. The sole aim of a heritage site is to preserve the history of a place, which remains inactive if the lesson is not mediated to the tourist, research scholars and the students.
6. Adventurous Tourism Expert:
In case of visiting adventurous place, adventurous tourism experts are very essential who can manage every astonishing situation and make the journey peaceful.
This type of business hierarchy consist of private ownership, public (Government) ownership and the joint venture programme (Public and private collaboration). The tourist (students, researchers and families) must return home with a happy heart, gather of knowledge and some good moments. To implement the tourist imagination and maintain the reputation of the tourist spots, management has to be aware about the hospitality of the tourist. On that aspect huge amount of staff empowerment is very essential.
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